Archive for April, 2010

Antibiotic Overuse Threatens Modern Medicine: Experts

dear all

Salah satu agenda tahun 2010-2011 world alliance of patient safety (sudah sempat berkunjung ke situs nya?) adalah ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE

Dalam rangka itu, malam ini saya coba posting berita di reuter
di akhir berita, saya memberikan situs dimana judulnya ... 
nah ada patient stories di situ
menarik buat direnungkan 
dengan catatan
Kita TIDAK anti antibiotik
Kita justru sayang dan sangat membutuhkan antibiotik

Antibiotic saves lives; we have to save antibiotics! 

>From Reuters Health Information
Antibiotic Overuse Threatens Modern Medicine: Experts
By Kate Kelland

LONDON (Reuters) Nov 10 - Overuse of antibiotics in Europe is building widespread resistance and threatening to halt vital medical treatments such as hip replacements, intensive care for premature babies and cancer therapies, health experts say.

Dominique Monnet of the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control's (ECDC) scientific advice unit said the "whole span of modern medicine" is under threat because bugs are become resistant to antibiotics, rendering the drugs useless.

"If this wave of antibiotic resistance gets over us, we will not be able to do organ transplants, hip replacements, cancer chemotherapy, intensive care and neonatal care for premature babies," he told reporters at a briefing.

Antibiotics are needed in all these treatments to prevent bacterial infection. But drug-resistant bacteria are a growing problem in hospitals worldwide, marked by the rise of methicillin-resistant Staphyloccus aureus (MRSA) and other multidrug resistant bacteria.

Such infections kill about 25,000 people a year in Europe and around 19,000 in the United States

On top of the risks to future treatments, Monnet said the costs of antibiotic resistance were already hurting -- and may hit healthcare budgets across the European Union yet harder if the problem is not addressed.

The six most common multi-drug-resistant bacteria cause around 400,000 infections a year in Europe, killing around 25,000 people and using 2.5 million hospital days a year.

The ECDC, which monitors and advises on disease in EU, calculates that with a hospital day costing an average of 366 euros ($548), multidrug resistant infections are already sucking up 900 million euros a year in extra hospital costs, and a further 600 million euros a year in lost productivity.

"Across the European Union the number of patients infected by resistant bacteria is increasing and that antibiotic resistance is a major threat to public health," the ECDC said.

Britain's government was criticised by a parliamentary committee on Tuesday for failing to tackle the majority of hospital-acquired infections by narrowing its focus to two high profile ones -- MRSA and Clostridium difficile.

The ECDC is planning an "antibiotic awareness" campaign on Nov. 18 to urge doctors to stop overprescribing antibiotics.

Patients demanding antibiotics for viral infections often are not aware that they will not work, it said, but doctors are and should stop giving in to pressure.

Sarah Earnshaw of the ECDC's communications unit, pointed to a 2002 survey that showed 60 percent of patients do not know that antibiotics do not work against viruses like flu and colds.

"Patients often demand antibiotics," she said. And doctors often think, she said, that giving in is a quicker way to deal with a demanding patients than persuading them otherwise.

Reuters Health Information © 2009

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